1. In your own words and using the appropriated evidence based references discuss The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence.
2. Discuss at least 3 assumptions and variant cultural characteristics of The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence. Give at least 1 example.
As stated in the syllabus, assignment must be presented in an APA format using the required Arial 12 font. A minimum of 2 evidence-based references, 2 posting/replies to any of your peers with the appropriate references to sustained your point of view and a minimum of 500 words are required (excluding the first and last page).
Expert Solution Preview
The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence is a framework developed by Larry Purnell to guide healthcare providers in delivering culturally sensitive and competent care to individuals from diverse backgrounds. This model recognizes the importance of understanding and incorporating cultural beliefs, values, and practices into healthcare delivery to promote optimal outcomes. In this discussion, we will explore the key components of the Purnell Model, discuss three assumptions, and explore variant cultural characteristics supported by relevant evidence-based references.
1. The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence:
The Purnell Model for Cultural Competence is a comprehensive framework that aims to improve healthcare outcomes by promoting cultural understanding and sensitivity. It consists of twelve domains that healthcare providers need to assess when delivering care to individuals from different cultural backgrounds. These domains encompass variables such as cultural values, communication, family roles, healthcare practices, nutrition, workforce issues, and more.
The Purnell Model emphasizes the importance of healthcare providers acquiring knowledge about cultural systems, understanding the impact of culture on health and illness, and developing culturally appropriate practices. It recognizes that culture is not limited to race or ethnicity but also includes other variables such as age, gender, education, and socioeconomic status.
2. Assumptions and Variant Cultural Characteristics:
a) Assumption 1: Culturally diverse individuals may have different communication styles and preferences. For example, in some cultures, direct eye contact is seen as a sign of respect and attentiveness, while in other cultures, it may be interpreted as confrontational or disrespectful. Understanding these cultural preferences can help healthcare providers establish effective rapport and communication with the patients.
Variant cultural characteristic 1: The Asian culture, particularly in East Asian countries, values non-verbal communication and maintaining harmony. For example, silence may be interpreted as a sign of agreement or respect. Healthcare providers need to be aware of these cultural nuances to effectively communicate and provide care to individuals from these backgrounds.
b) Assumption 2: Cultural beliefs and practices significantly influence an individual’s health-seeking behavior and healthcare decision-making. For instance, some cultures have a preference for traditional healing methods alongside Western medicine. Recognizing and respecting these beliefs can help healthcare providers develop collaborative care plans that incorporate both modalities and improve patient compliance and satisfaction.
Variant cultural characteristic 2: The Native American culture often incorporates traditional healing practices, such as smudging or sweat lodge ceremonies, to promote mental and spiritual well-being. Understanding and respecting these cultural practices can enhance trust and promote patient-centered care among Native American individuals.
c) Assumption 3: Cultural competence requires healthcare providers to be aware of their own cultural biases and to reflect on how it may impact their interactions with patients. Respecting and valuing cultural diversity fosters trust, mutual understanding, and positive health outcomes.
Variant cultural characteristic 3: In Middle Eastern cultures, modesty and gender segregation may influence healthcare interactions. Healthcare providers need to recognize and respect these cultural norms to provide care that aligns with patients’ cultural values and preferences.
In conclusion, the Purnell Model for Cultural Competence is a valuable framework that emphasizes the importance of understanding and incorporating cultural factors into healthcare delivery. By recognizing assumptions and variant cultural characteristics, healthcare providers can promote an inclusive and patient-centered approach in their practice, leading to improved healthcare outcomes for diverse populations.