Write a 750-1000 word analysis of “Case Study: Fetal Abnormality.” Be sure to address the following questions:
- Which theory or theories are being used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine the moral status of the fetus? Explain.
- How does the theory determine or influence each of their recommendation for action?
- What theory do you agree with? How would that theory determine or influence the recommendation for action?
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide
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In the case study “Fetal Abnormality,” Jessica and Marco are expecting their first child, but the prenatal diagnosis indicates that the fetus has Down syndrome and a heart condition. The couple is faced with a moral dilemma as they consider their options. Dr. Wilson, the attending physician, and Maria, a medical student, also play significant roles in determining the moral status of the fetus and recommending a course of action. This analysis will examine the theories used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine the moral status of the fetus and how these theories influence their recommendations. Additionally, it will present my personal stance on the matter and how that theory would influence the recommendation for action.
1. The theories used by Jessica, Marco, Maria, and Dr. Wilson to determine the moral status of the fetus:
a. Jessica: Jessica expresses her belief that the fetus has already become a person, attributing emotional and relational qualities to it. She adopts a Deontological perspective by considering the intrinsic value of the fetus as a unique individual, irrespective of the potential challenges it may face.
b. Marco: Marco, on the other hand, takes a Utilitarian approach. He weighs the consequences of their decision on the overall happiness and well-being of their family, including the potential impact on their ability to provide for the child’s needs, as well as the happiness of their future child.
c. Maria: Maria shows indications of adopting a Virtue Ethics stance. She emphasizes the importance of expressing compassion and empathy towards the fetus, arguing that doing so aligns with her moral virtues and character.
d. Dr. Wilson: Dr. Wilson’s stance is more aligned with a Utilitarian perspective. He believes that terminating the pregnancy would prevent potential suffering for both the child and the parents. His primary concern is to promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people involved.
2. How the theories determine or influence recommendations for action:
a. Jessica: Jessica’s belief in the fetus’s personhood and the intrinsic value of life leads her to oppose terminating the pregnancy. Her Deontological perspective encourages her to prioritize the moral duty of preserving human life, regardless of the difficulties that may arise.
b. Marco: Marco’s Utilitarian approach leads him to consider the potential challenges that raising a child with Down syndrome and a heart condition may bring to their family. He contemplates the overall happiness and well-being of their family, and based on that, he suggests terminating the pregnancy to avoid potential hardships.
c. Maria: Maria’s Virtue Ethics perspective compels her to emphasize compassion and empathy. She believes that advocating for the well-being and quality of life for the child aligns with her moral virtues. She opposes terminating the pregnancy, as it goes against her deeply held values.
d. Dr. Wilson: Dr. Wilson’s Utilitarian standpoint shapes his recommendation for action. He believes that terminating the pregnancy would prevent potential suffering for both the child and the parents. His primary concern is to promote the overall happiness and well-being of the greatest number of people involved.
3. My agreement with a particular theory and its influence on the recommendation for action:
Personally, I find myself aligning more with the Deontological perspective presented by Jessica. I believe that every individual possesses inherent dignity and worth. This includes individuals who may have disabilities or face challenging circumstances. Taking this theory into account, my recommendation for action would be to offer support and resources to Jessica and Marco, enabling them to navigate the challenges that lie ahead. It would involve providing them with detailed information on available medical interventions and support networks that can help them provide the best possible care for their child.
In the case study “Fetal Abnormality,” various moral theories are used by the characters to determine the moral status of the fetus and influence their recommendations for action. Jessica adopts a Deontological perspective, Marco follows a Utilitarian approach, Maria reflects Virtue Ethics, and Dr. Wilson also leans towards Utilitarianism. Each theory plays a significant role in shaping their respective recommendations. Personally, I agree with the Deontological stance held by Jessica, prioritizing the intrinsic value and dignity of the fetus. This aligns with my belief in the importance of upholding human life while providing essential support to parents facing challenging situations.